Born in Łagiewniki in 1922, one of the most important representative of documentary theatre. Studied medicine with a focus on psychiatry in Bonn and finished with a PhD in 1950 in Krefeld. Moved to Berlin where he initially worked as an editor, then as a dramaturg and later as head of dramaturgy at the Deutsche Theater Berlin. Joined the SED (Social Unity Party of Germany) in 1953 and was honoured in the same year with the National Prize of the GDR of the third class for »Shakespeare dringend gesucht«. Moved to Düsseldorf in 1959 where he was working as author of the house at the Düsseldorfer Schauspielhaus, later also active as lector and script writer in Munich and Berlin. His play »In der Sache J. Robert Oppenheimer« was a great success in the GDR as well as the BRD (Federal Republic of Germany). He was awarded the Adolf-Grimme-Preis in gold with Franz Peter Wirth for »Die Geschichte von Joel Brand«. Kipphardt died in 1982 in Munich. His play »Bruder Eichmann«, brought to stage posthumously and based on Hannah Arendt’s »Eichmann in Jerusalem«, was a great success in 1983.